Trustees keep up push for inflation-proofing Permanent Fund
Those closest to the Permanent Fund are beginning to talk more openly about their wishes for the $65 billion endowment as its management becomes increasingly politicized.
Alaska Permanent Fund Corp. staff recommended to the Board of Trustees Sept. 26 that the board approve a resolution urging legislators to fortify protections against gradual degradation of the Fund’s value.
The resolution reemphasized two that the seven trustees approved during their 2017 annual meeting. Last year’s resolutions requested legislation to prioritize the amount needed to inflation-proof the corpus of the Fund before the tally of its statutory net income — gains or losses — every year.
Permanent Fund Corp. CEO Angela Rodell said the current state law definition of the Fund’s “net income” is not accounting based.
“This would subtract inflation-proofing from the statutory net income and allow it to stay back” in the corpus, Rodell explained.
Rodell has expressed concern — as several of the trustees did during the meeting — that not making an annual transfer from the Earnings Reserve Account to the corpus puts the Fund’s long-term health in jeopardy.
The Earnings Reserve Account is where the Fund’s annual earnings are deposited in most years, and where investment losses are pulled from in rare bad years. It can be spent via a majority vote of the Legislature; the corpus is constitutionally protected from being spent.
APFC Trustee and former Natural Resources Commissioner Marty Rutherford said the board needs to remind legislators that they have a responsibility to manage the fund for future Alaskans, not just present-day challenges.
For years, the Legislature made the inflation-proofing appropriation without issue. However, legislators declined to approve the transfer in fiscal years 2016-2018 as they debated whether or not to utilize a portion of the Fund’s earnings for government spending.
And while they made $942 million inflation-proofing payment to the corpus last year, they rejected Gov. Bill Walker’s proposal to make the retroactive payments and now the precedent to not make they appropriation has been set.
“I think what we’re saying is because you haven’t inflation-proofed for three years we want the law to change so that inflation-proofing occurs automatically,” trustee and former Attorney General Craig Richards said.
Richards was also elected chairman of the APFC board on Sept. 27.
The board ultimately tabled the issue until a later date, which was done at Richards’ request despite his support for the resolution.
He asked for a one-day late October work session for the board to draft additional recommendations for the Legislature on how it deals with the Fund. In a brief interview, Richards said he wants the trustees to form a concise message about the need for sticking to sustainable draws from the Permanent Fund, avoiding ad-hoc appropriations from the Earnings Reserve and predictability in how the Fund will be used.
“Follow whatever formulas are on the books,” he said.
In May, legislators passed legislation establishing an annual 5.25 percent of market value, or POMV, draw from the Fund to pay both Permanent Fund dividends and support government services. The POMV draw will automatically be reduced to 5 percent per year after three years, but several of the trustees noted that changes are likely coming to Senate Bill 26 — the law that established it — in the next legislative session that starts in January.
While the Alaska Supreme Court ruled unanimously in August 2017 that the Legislature’s power of appropriation supersedes it’s need to follow other laws it has passed, Permanent Fund managers have consistently stressed a worry that shifting politics will play into how the state spends money from the Earnings Reserve.
Not knowing what will be asked of them and how much money will be needed at a given time hampers their ability to protect the Fund’s investments and maximize its earning potential, they contend.
Elwood Brehmer can be reached at [email protected].